Republic of Indonesia

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Republic of Indonesia
Republik Indonesia
Flag of the Republic of Indonesia
Ruling Party Partai Nasional Indonesia - (Perdamaian Nasional)
Head of StatePresident
Head of GovernmentVice President
Djuanda Kartawidjaja
Sphere Co-Prosperity Sphere
Foreign Alignment Economically Dependent Member of The Sphere
Credit Rating Poor
Market Type Dirigisme

The Republic of Indonesia is a Japanese satellite state in South East Asia. Formed from the ashes of the Dutch East Indies, the country is an archipelago of several thousand islands, the largest ones being Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, and New Guinea. The nation borders the Military Governorate of Shonan-Marai in the Malayan Peninsula and the North Borneo Military Administration in North Borneo. They are a member of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.

History[edit | edit source]

Indonesia was formed through the fires of the Pacific Theatre in the Second World War. Formerly ruled under the name of the Dutch East Indies by the Netherlands, the territory would befall the same fate of the European and American holdings in the Pacific. Invaded by the Japanese in the conquest of South East Asia in 1941-1942 in their "Strike South" doctrine.

Seizing the opportunity given by the Japanese, and their promises of Pan-Asian solidarity, Sukarno and the Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI) with Japanese backing declared the Unitary Republic of Indonesia, breaking free from their colonial masters. Little did they know, they traded one master for another for the Japanese would exploit Indonesia for its oil and rubber resources, which were plentiful and established by the former Dutch administration.

Indonesia would declare its independence in the Proklamasi or Proclamation on the 17th of August, 1945, following the Japanese victory in the Second World War. Sukarno was named President of the new republic, and Mohammad Hatta as his Vice-President. However, due to differences on how to rule the fledgling nation strained their relationship, and to add more strain to the new nation, a more pressing issue revealed itself.

During the Second World War, many Indonesians were conscripted for labor to fuel the war effort and were supposed to be reimbursed for their service through the Indonesia Keizai Kaihatsucho (IKCC). In practice, these workers are never actually compensated for their efforts and their money was effectively withheld by the IKCC heads. This was the start of the Japanese exploitation of Indonesia.

Although Sukarno and the Indonesian government resisted to the Japanese exploitation, a direct confrontation could spell doom for the nation, for the power that Sukarno's government truly held was kept in check by Tokyo's leadership. Hence, in order to preserve Indonesian independence, Sukarno's government was forced to turn over the rights to Indonesia's vast resources, most of it being the largest rubber and oil deposits in the Pacific. Additionally, the establishment of the Romusha System, where a portion of the population was "levied" as manual labor to be exploited. Under this system, Indonesian workers would face terrible conditions and marginal pay, effectively turning them into a slave for the Japanese.

Additionally, whilst in the attempt to modernize the nation to achieve industrial and economic growth, a consortium was established between the Indonesian government and the Zaibatsus. In return for aid, the Zaibatsus that sponsored the modernization effort would be rewarded in mineral wealth across the Indonesian islands. Although many years have passed since Japanese support for the campaign has dried up, the Zaibatsus continue to control the lion's share of Indonesia's mineral wealth and the profits from their sale.

These policies despite winning little favor with the Japanese, ensured that the nation would retain its independence and not turned into a colony like Malaya. However, as a result of acquiescing to Japanese demands, it made the people of Indonesia lose enough faith for separatist groups to begin forming.

Furthermore, concepts of Pan-Asianism spoon-fed to the people did little to quell discontent with the economic stagnation in the outer islands of Indonesia beyond Java. in part due to the central government's refusal to devolve enough power to the regions to bolster their local economies and in part due to Japanese exploitation.

Hope would soon trickle in, with Prime Minister Djuanda Kartawidjaja's Eight Years Development Plan, which would kickstart megaprojects revolving around infrastructure, roads, and dams to practically transform Indonesia. However, the costs of the plan leave seeds of doubt of whether such an ambitious scheme is possible.

Time will tell if Indonesia will survive in The New Order.

National Spirits[edit | edit source]

The Republic of Indonesia starts with the following National Spirits.

Name In Game Description Effects
IKKC Following the end of the Great East Asian War, the system of wartime conscription of Indonesian labor was ended - officially. In reality, the creation of the Indonesia Keizai Kaihatsucho - the IKKC, or Indonesia Economic Development Authority - formalized the arrangement whereby Indonesian labor would be 'reimbursed' for their employment by Japanese companies for the development of the Indonesian nation.

In practice, the reimbursement is a laughable pittance, and it increasingly seems that the fruits of development accumulate entirely to the IKKC and its owners. The more things change, it seems, the more they stay the same.

Daily Political Power Gain: -0.10

Recruitable Population Factor: -25%

Miscellaneous Income (as Billions in $): +0.10

(Empire of Japan) Extra Trade to Target Country: +10.00%

Dwitungal "Signed, on the behalf of the Indonesian people, Sukarno and Hatta"

These words mark the end of the Proclamation of Independence: a short, general statement believed throughout all rungs of Indonesian society. The character and will of millions of Indonesians are represented by two men, the Dwitunggal - the Duumvirate of President Sukarno and his Vice-President Mohammad Hatta. The fiery rural messiah Sukarno, tempered by the cool, cosmopolitan intellectual Hatta forms a duo of leaders, toiling for Indonesia's sake. A bond, sturdy and unbreakable that the ages cannot wear.


Stability: +10.00%

Administrative Program Cost Factor: +10.00%

The Banteng and the White Crescent While propaganda may state the contrary, Japan's primary legacy in Indonesia is not giving the nation independence, but the de facto two-party system created by it. The abnormality was not concocted out of kindness, but for stability, a desire to keep the Supereme Islamic Council Alive and to build a positive relationship between Sukarno and Hatta.

Dominated by the PNI and PRM, its staying power has proven it to be almost unbreakable despite how it satisfies few on the frontlines of Indonesian politics. It is instead considered a scar of Japan's colonialism, a lasting momento of the men who stepped onto their shores.

Daily Political Power Gain: +0.25

Monthly Population: +10.0%

Stability: +1.00%

GDP Growth: +0.25%

Needed Consumer Goods: +10.00%

A Nation of 18,000 Islands The concept of Indonesia has been a fluid idea since its conception in the early 20th century. The romantic intellectuals and idealists of the early nation discussed at length on whether Indonesia should be apart of a Melayu Raya, a concept by itself, or various other iterations designed to give an ethnically, religiously and linguistically diverse region who have never been a single entity in its totality.

The arrival of Japan and its stoking of Indonesian nationalism to ease the burdens of occupation has however, solidified the concept of Indonesia as a monolithic entity - an unitary state under a single constitution, and in its initial conception, a single national Staatspartij, bound by a civic nationalism based on the shared experiences of all who lived under the burden and subjugation of Dutch colonial rule. Since the granting of independence in 1949, the young nation has sought to overcome these contradictory ideals of such a monolithic system enforced on a diverse populace. The occupying Japanese have concentrated the nation's administrative and economic expansion primarily on the central island of Java. While this has brought bloody dividends through the presence of Japanese corporations and extractions, many chafe at the inflexibility and totality of the Japanese-enforced system, seeing it as a betrayal of what the nation's founders conceived of merely fifty years ago - and sooner or later, one must give way to the other.

Political Power Gain: -10%

Taxable Population: -15.00%

Three Militaries, One Destiny The Indonesian Armed Forces staggers along in spite and not because of the Frankensteinian merger that birthed it into reality, its histories are varied, being made up of differing doctrinal commands, military structures, and officer corps.

The three former armies now belonging to it are the KNIL, the old Dutch colonial force, and PETA and the Giyugun, Japanese-established volunteer armies from Java and Sumatra respectively. Now joined at the hip by a shared destiny, they fight for their new tomorrow, an Indonesia in the sun.

Daily Political Power Gain: -0.20

Division Recovery Rate: -10.0%

Planning Speed: -15.0%

Max Planning Factor: -20.0%

Air Doctrine Cost: -20.00%

Land Doctrine Cost: -20.00%

Free Production Units: +2.0

Administrative Efficiency Monthly Change: -0.50

Eight Years Development Plan A government's goal should be to foster a future generation to take over a developing country, with foundations for them to build upon, its civil apparatus the vanguards of development and construction. Thus goes the beliefs of one Djuanda Kartawidjaja, the brave technocrat who now leads the most stable and lasting cabinets in Indonesia.

Scale. Authenticity. Acceleration. These are the tenets of Djuanda's new Eight Years Plan, or more officially the Universal Development Scheme. State-led heavy industrial expansion and infrastructure megaprojects, mighty dams and incredible roads, were all included in this ambitious plan - financed by Japan, of course. As the plan enters its second year, many question whether or not this plan would succeed.

Local Resources: +5%

Construction Speed: +10.00%

GDP Growth: +0.50%

Monthly Credit Rating Progress: +0.50

Trivia[edit | edit source]

Formerly, the Republic of Indonesia had playable content, until it was removed following the rework of Indonesia's starting situation in Toolbox Theory 3, with the addition of the Indonesian Civil War, changing the entire dynamics of the old content.