From TNOpediA
Republic of the United States of Brazil
República dos Estados Unidos do Brasil
Flag of Brazil
Brazil in Light Green
Guyana-Cayenne in Gray

Ruling Party Partido Social Democrático
(Tr: Social Democratic Party)
Head of StateHenrique Teixeira Lott
Sphere Brazilian Sphere
Foreign Alignment OFN Partner
Credit Rating Mediocre
Market Type Free Market Capitalism

Brazil, officially the Republic of the United States of Brazil (Portugese: República dos Estados Unidos do Brasil), is a South American country founded in 1822. Brazil is the largest country in South America and enjoys a distinct history and culture. The country has moved back towards democracy in the late 1940s with the end of the Estado Novo regime. However, as the 1960s dawn growing tension between the government and the militaries has cause a sense of growing concern for Brazilian Democracy.

Brazil borders the Oriental Republic of Uruguay to the south, the Argentine Republic and the Republic of Paraguay to the southwest; the Republic of Bolivia and the Republic of Peru to the west; the Republic of Colombia and its separatists to the northwest; the Republic of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and its puppet in Guiana-Cayenne to the north.

History[edit | edit source]

Involvement in World War Two[edit | edit source]

During the course of the Second World War, mainly due to the Kriegsmarine's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, German submarines begin targeting Brazilian vessels, civilian or otherwise in the Atlantic. While shipping attacks against Brazil were less common, they were much more devastating due to the lack of roads and rail in Brazil; mainly as a result of the country's geography, the only way from Fortaleza and São Luis in the north to São Paulo and Rio de Janiero was by boat.

With common interests in fighting the Germans, the Brazillian government declared war on the German Reich on August 31st, 1942 and joined the Allied powers, moving rapidly into the colony of French Guiana to prevent its use by the Axis, as well as sending an expeditionary force known colloquially as the Cobras Fumantes (lit. "Smoking Snakes", reference to a supposed quote by Hitler) to fight alongside the Allies. Stationed in Britain, the Smoking Snakes were on the front lines fighting against Operation Sealion in 1945, taking part in the Battle of Nottingham, which delayed the German advance long enough for American forces to organize a defensive line in Manchester and Leeds.

Despite their heroic fighting, the Smoking Snakes ultimately were fighting a losing battle in a foregone war, and was eventually evacuated prior to the British capitulation. When the FEB returned back to Brazil at end of the conflict in 1945, they were mostly shunned for their participation in the conflict.

Vargas Era (1945-1949)[edit | edit source]

President of Brazil since 1930, Getúlio Vargas continued his attempts at democratization under the principles of 'guided democracy'. His reign, however was continuously challenged by opposition and especially by the United States, which feared that Vargas, like other South American autocrats, could lean towards the Nazis and become fascist puppets in their backyard.

In late 1949, Carlos Lacerda, Vargas' foremost political opponent, survived an assassination attempt orchestrated by Vargas' personal bodyguards. Although Vargas neither ordered nor was informed of this action as the assassination was ordered by the chief of his bodyguard, not by Vargas himself. However, the Brazillian public, already disillusioned with the government, began calling for Vargas' resignation.

With protests intensifying and radical socialists and fascist legions in Brazil beginning to groom radicalization from the instability, the Brazillian military chose to intervene in 1949, ousting Vargas from office. Fearing a military dictatorship, however, Marshal of Brazil Henrique Teixeira Lott, previously the military attache to the United States and a member of Vargas' inner circle, struck a deal with the military to hand power over to the civilian government, rather than the junta from ruling the country. In exchange, however, the military was allowed to push the "National Security laws" through parliament, banning communist and fascist parties from running in the elections.

Democracy in Brazil (1949-start date)[edit | edit source]

After this handover of power to the civilian government, Brazil saw a rise of many new political parties; the centrist PSD, leftist PTB, conservative UDN, and populist PSP. The first post-Vargas era election was won by Eduardo Gomes of the UDN, who focused on pushing Brazil closer to the OFN. His presidency is generally considered successful but is criticized for lack of interference into the military and rising corruption.

In 1955, Juscelino Kubitschek of the PSD won the election, however, Carlos Lacerda and Plínio Salgado did not recognize the election as legitimate, with both groups planning coups against the government. Marshal Lott, Minister of War at the time, however, moved in to disrupt their plans. As a result of this, Lott's popularity grew and began to be known as a defender of democracy all throughout Brazil. In the 1960 election, Marshal Lott ran in a coalition, between the PSD and PTB, winning the election. However, as a result of this coalition, Marshal Lott had to appoint Jânio Quadros as Vice President.

Although Quadros have promised to work together despite their differences. Their influence and relationship over the political scene is tumultous and fragile.

Political Parties[edit | edit source]

Name Ideology Leaders
Social Democratic Party (PSD) National Liberalism Henrique Teixeira Lott
National Democratic Union (UDN) Populist Conservatism

Liberal Conservatism

Christian Conservatism

Jânio Quadros
Brazilian Labor Party (PTB) Left-Wing Populism João Goulart
Social Progressive Party (PSP) Right-Wing Populism Adhemar de Barros
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) Christian Conservatism Ney Braga
Party of Popular Representation (PRP) Integralism Plínio Salgado
Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) Bolshevism Luís Carlos Prestes
Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB) Amazonism João Amazonas