Republic of Paraguay

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Republic of Paraguay
República del Paraguay
Flag of Paraguay
Ruling Party Asociación Nacional Republicana - Guión Rojo
Last Election30/06/1958
Head of StateHiginio Morínigo
Sphere Argentinian Sphere
Foreign AlignmentNon-Aligned
Credit Rating Mediocre
Market Type Corporatism

The Republic of Paraguay' (Spanish: República del Paraguay) is a South America country formed in 1811. The country has suffered a violent history being the center of two of the continent's most violent wars. This history might explain why Paraguay is the only recognized fascist country in South America as of 1962.

History[edit | edit source]

The Early Republic[edit | edit source]

Dr. José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, often referred to as El Supremo, emerged as the dominant figure in the early republic. Ruling from 1814 to 1840, Francia established a highly centralized and isolationist state. He aimed to protect Paraguay from foreign influence and promote economic self-sufficiency. While Francia's policies ensured stability, they also stifled intellectual freedom and economic development.

The López Era[edit | edit source]

After Francia's death, Carlos Antonio López became president in 1841. He ushered in a period of modernization, opening Paraguay to foreign trade and bolstering the military. López also formalized Paraguay's independence in 1842 and established diplomatic relations with other nations. Following Carlos Antonio López's death in 1862, his son Francisco Solano López assumed power. Solano López, known for his expansionist ambitions, entangled Paraguay in the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1864-1870) against Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. The war resulted in a devastating defeat for Paraguay, leading to the loss of a significant portion of its territory and population.

Aftermath and the Chaco War[edit | edit source]

Paraguay's recovery from the War of the Triple Alliance was slow and arduous. The nation remained politically unstable, marked by a series of dictatorships and civil wars. In the early 20th century, Paraguay became embroiled in another major conflict, the Chaco War (1932-1935), with Bolivia over a disputed territory in the Chaco Boreal region. Despite its smaller population, Paraguay emerged victorious from the war, gaining control of the contested territory. However, the war further hampered Paraguay's economic and social development.

in 1937, the Feberista government collapsed, and the Liberal Party chose Chaco War veteran and General Higinio Morinigo as interim president. Morinigo overthrew the government in a self-coup, turning Paraguay into a fully fledged Fascist State.

Guarana Falls Invasion[edit | edit source]

Morinigos regime would face its greatest crisis yet, when in 1954, with support from almost all of South America, The US invaded Paraguay but fails. Seeing the opportunity to secure an ally and spread its influence, Argentina aided and supported Paraguay economically but politically, Argentina did not approve of the Fascist Regime. This lead to tension with Brazil.

Political Parties and Factions[edit | edit source]

Name Ideology Leader
National Republican Association - Red Banner Fascism

Fascist Populism

Higinio Morínigo

Juan Natalico González

National Republican Association - War Front Stratocratic Nazism Mutshuito Villasboa
National Republican Association - Epifanistas Peronism Epifano Mendez Fleitas
National Republican Association- Democrats Christian Conservatism Federico Chávez
The Stronate Military Junta Alfredo Stroessner
Provisional Junta of the United Front for National Liberation Guevarism Ernesto 'Che' Guevara
Februarist Revolutionary Party Left-Wing Populism Rafael Franco
Liberal Party National Liberalism José Félix Estibagarra
Paraguayan Communist Party Communism Miguel Ángel Soler
Ring of Sacrifice Esoteric Nazism Marcos Fúster